Emergency contraception

This is a method used by women as soon as an act of unprotected sexual contact has occurred, to prevent unwanted pregnancy. 


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Vasectomy (Male Sterilization)

This is ideal for couples who have completed the family and do not desire any more children. It is a very effective form of contraception. It is a one time permanent procedure.  The procedure is relatively easy without major complications. It has to be done by a skilled doctor, under sterile conditions. This is done under local anesthesia that does not require the patient to stay fasting or need hospitalization. Vasectomy is more cost effective as persons do not require regular contraceptive supplies or medical check ups....


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Ligation and Recession of Tubes (LRT) /Female Sterilisation

This is ideal for couples who have completed the family and do not wish any more children. It is a very effective form of contraception. It is a one time, permanent procedure.  The procedure is relatively easy and without major complications. It has to be done by a skilled doctor, under sterile conditions. Sterilizations are more cost effective as couples do not require regular contraceptive supplies or check ups reducing the time and money spent on contraceptives. Consent for surgery should be mutual, truly voluntary and...


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Male Condoms

These are made of latex or rubber to fit an erect penis . How does it act? It acts as a barrier and prevents the sperm entering the female vagina. How effective is it? More than 97% effective if used properly. Store in a cool dry place away from sunlight. What are the benefits in using a condom? Very safe. Protects against HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases. Fertility is not affected in the long term. It is readily available from any pharmacy in the country Problems that you may encounter You will need to use a...
 


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Female Condoms

It is a small contraceptive device made of latex or rubber. How does it act? It acts as a barrier and prevents the sperm entering the female vagina What are the benefits in using a condom? Protects against HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases Fertility is not affected in the long term Problems that you may encounter:  It should always be at hand  May reduce sexual satisfaction Rarely, you may develop an allergy for rubber or latex How to use? There are two flexible rings at both ends. Smaller ring – This forms...


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Depo provera (DMPA) family planning injection

Family planning injections (DEPO MEDROXY PROGESTRONE ACETATE (DMPA)): What is Depo rovera? It is a hormonal preparation(progesterone) taken at three monthly intervals. Each dose contains 150 mg of DMPA, injected as a single dose deep into your muscle. The hormone is released slowly from the muscle into the blood stream. How does it act?It is a hormonal preparation(progesterone) taken at three monthly intervals. Each dose contains 150 mg of DMPA, injected as a single dose deep into your muscle. The hormone is released slowly...
 


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Sub Dermal Implants

Several thin flexible capsules made of a rubber like material filled with hormones (progesterone) are inserted just under the skin of a woman’s upper arm in a minor surgical procedure. Types of Implants Trade Name Unit Duration of action Jadelle 2 capsules 5 years Implanon 1 capsule 3 years   How does it act?Females of the child bearing age release eggs (ova) from the ovaries (female sex organ), usually every 28 days. A pregnancy results when an egg combines with a sperm (fertilization). The main action of implants is...


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Intra Uterine Contraceptive Device (IUD)/ Loop

This is a small, flexible device, usually made of plastic .These contain two strings/threads which hang in to the vagina through the cervix. It is introduced in to the womb using a very simple and sterile procedure. There are two IUD’s which are commonly used.


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Combined Oral Contraceptive Pill

It is a tablet taken daily by mouth which contains the two female sex hormones (oestrogen and progesterone). Each  packet contains 21 hormonal tablets and 7 placebo tablets (non hormonal, usually containing iron). Each of the 21 tablets contain the same amount of oestrogen and progesterone (monophasic) How does it act? Females of the child bearing age release eggs (ova) from the ovaries (female sex organ), usually every 28 days. A pregnancy results when an egg combines with a sperm (fertilization). The main action of the...


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