Body Mass Index (BMI) and Obesity


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Hypertension

Hypertension What is high blood pressure or Hypertension? It means high pressure or tension in the arteries, which carry blood from the heart to all the tissues and organs of the body. High blood pressure does not mean excessive emotional tension, but emotional tension and stress can temporarily increase blood pressure. Normal blood pressure is below 120/80.Blood pressure between 120/80 and 139/89 is called “pre-hypertension”, and a blood pressure of 140/90 or above is considered high. Hypertension can be either...


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Hyperlipidemia

Hyperlipidemia What is Hyperlipidemia? Hyperlipidemia is an excess of fatty substances called lipids, largely cholesterol and triglycerides, in the blood. It is also called hyperlipoproteinemia because these fatty substances travel in the blood attached to proteins. This is the only way that these fatty substances can remain dissolved while in circulation. Hyperlipidemia, in general, can be divided into two subcategories: Hypercholesterolemia  – high level of cholesterol Hypertriglyceridemia  – high level of...


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Diabetes Mellitus

What is diabetes? Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic diseases characterized by high blood sugar levels(Hyperglycaemia)  that results from defects in insulin secretion, or action, or both. Diabetes mellitus was first identified as a disease associated with “sweet urine,” and excessive muscle loss in the ancient world. Elevated levels of blood glucose leads to spillage of glucose into the urine, hence the term sweet urine. Normally, blood glucose levels are tightly controlled by insulin, a hormone produced...


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