Body Mass Index (BMI) and Obesity

What is Body Mass Index (BMI)? It is a standardized ratio of weight to height, and is often used as a general indicator of health. This does not measure the percentage of body fat. BMI can be calculated by dividing your weight (in kilograms) by the square of your height (in meters). A BMI between 18 and 23 is considered normal for adults. BMI =   Weight (kg) __________________ Height (m2) BMI (kg/m2) Classification Risk of health problems < 18 Under weight Increased 18 – 23 Normal weight Least 23 – 25 Over Weight...


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Hypertension

What is high blood pressure or Hypertension? It means high pressure or tension in the arteries, which carry blood from the heart to all the tissues and organs of the body. High blood pressure does not mean excessive emotional tension, but emotional tension and stress can temporarily increase blood pressure. Normal blood pressure is below 120/80.Blood pressure between 120/80 and 139/89 is called “pre-hypertension”, and a blood pressure of 140/90 or above is considered high. 


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Hyperlipidemia

What is Hyperlipidemia? Hyperlipidemia is an excess of fatty substances called lipids, largely cholesterol and triglycerides, in the blood. It is also called hyperlipoproteinemia because these fatty substances travel in the blood attached to proteins. 


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Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic diseases characterized by high blood sugar levels(Hyperglycaemia)  that results from defects in insulin secretion, or action, or both. Diabetes mellitus was first identified as a disease associated with “sweet urine,” and excessive muscle loss in the ancient world.


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