This is a method used by women as soon as an act of unprotected sexual contact has occurred, to prevent unwanted pregnancy.

  • Emergency contraception pill.
  • Loop (Intrauterine contraceptive device – IUD).
  • ECP’s are made of the same hormones as the birth control pills, but in different dosage form. It should be used within 72 hours (3days) of exposure. These pills can be either progestogen only or combination of oestrogen and progestogen.
  • When you have had a sexual exposure where no contraception was used.
  • When contraception may have failed, such as: If a condom broke or slipped if you were late for your birth control shot if  you missed taking 2 or more of your birth control pills.
  • Cases of rape and sexual assault.
  • If it was taken before the release of the egg(ova) it will delay the release of eggs by 3-4 days therefore preventing the sperms meeting the egg (fertilization).
  • If the pill was taken after the release of the egg, the inner lining of the womb will be made thin preventing implantation of the early pregnancy.
  • It also alters the transport of egg and sperms thereby decreasing the risk of fertilization.
  • You should not take ECP if you are already pregnant.
  • Progestin only pill (Postinor 2) – Take both tablets together within 72hrs of unprotected sexual intercourse.
  • Low dose OCP (Mithuri/Nordette) – Take 4 tablets as soon as possible and another 4 tablets after 12hrs from the 1st dose. Both doses should be taken within 72hrs of unprotected sexual intercourse. If taken within 24hrs the failure rate is less
  • If vomitting occures within 2hrs of drug intake the dose should be repeated.
  • If you are a breast feeding mother please consult your family doctor before use
  • 98% effective in women who use it properly. The sooner you take the ECP the better it will work. Even in cases of failure no adverse effect to the fetus has been reported.
  • Nausea.
  • Vomiting.
  • Irregular menstrual bleeding.
  • Breast tenderness.
  • Headaches.
  • Yes. ECP is equally effective after one or several acts of intercourse at a row provided that all the acts have taken place within 72 hours preceding the intake of the drug.
  • No. This is why, after taking ECP, it is necessary that you use a barrier method like condoms for each sexual intercourse until you switch to a regular contraceptive method.
  •   No. It is therefore strongly recommended to use a barrier method at each intercourse until the next menstrual period. Then you should use a regular contraceptive method that is suitable for you.
  • Most of the time your period will occur on the usual day. But, sometimes it may be earlier or a few days late.
  • If your period is more than 10 days late see your doctor and perform a pregnancy test because ECP is not 100% effective and a failure is always possible.
  • No, you are not protected. Please don’t hesitate to ask your doctor and get yourself screened.
  • ECP’s are for emergency use only! They are not as effective as regular birth control methods and have more side effects than regular contraception.
  • IUD (copper) – Inserted within 5 days of unprotected sexual intercourse. It is 99% effective. It is especially suitable for women who wish for a long term contraception method.